Laparoscopy has emerged to be the most prominent surgical choice of minimally invasive surgeries (MIS) in a range of abdominal and pelvic treatments. Since it is one of the few surgeries that involve relatively smaller (0.5 to 1 cm) incisions, it has also be regarded with other names like ‘bandaid surgery’ and ‘keyhole surgery’. Initially developed for treating only the gynecologic and gall-bladder problems, it is now extensively used for treating abdominal hernia, and even thyroid.
The two primary instruments used during your laparoscopy are:
An endoscope which is a thin hollow tube with a high-res camera and a high-intensity light source at the front tip, and
A hollow-shaped trocar tube called ports which are used to create tunnels for other tools.
Your surgery is most probably performed under general anaesthesia to rest your body during the surgery.
Depending on which organ is to be treated, your surgeon will make three to four small incisions to insert the ports around the target area.
Then, the surgeon will inflate the surrounding area with carbon dioxide gas through one of the ports to isolate the target area.
The laparoscope and other tools will be inserted through the ports, and the target organ will be surgically treated.
In case you need to have a biopsy, then your surgeon will retrieve some sample tissues from the target organ.
Finally, the ports are removed, and the incisions will be closed with sutures or surgical tapes.
The length of the recovery period majorly depends on the primary purpose of the surgery. A wound from a diagnostic procedure will heal quicker than a wound from a surgical procedure for obvious reasons.
If the laparoscopy was performed for diagnostic purpose, then the wound will be smaller and will heal completely within five to seven days.
However, laparoscopy procedures performed to treat an organ surgically will heal slowly, and the recovery time then depends on the organ that was treated. Surgery for a relatively small organ such as the appendix will require a recovery time of about three weeks, while the recovery time for wounds from treating relatively large organs like kidneys or ovaries may go up to 12 weeks.
The carbon dioxide gas used for inflating may not escape entirely at once, and the remaining gas may cause some mild symptoms such as:
Pain and bloating
Shoulder pain and irritation of the nerve endings in your shoulder
Any of such symptoms aren’t severe or harmful and usually go away in a few days. To catalyse the restoration of the stomach, you can follow specific guidelines given to you by your surgeon.
Dr Shailesh Naik, one of our head surgeons for laparoscopy at Deccan Clinic, recommends the following guidelines:
Walking (cautiously) to encourage the bowels
If allowed by the surgeon, drinking hot peppermint tea
Using heat packs
Like any other surgery, you’ll be suggested to eat more of whole foods and less processed food.
Your diet must primarily consist of more fibre-rich foods like whole fruits, grains, vegetables and cereal.
Cheese, red meat, milk or other processed foods which may cause constipation are off the table.
Increase your protein intake with eggs, chicken and fishes, or, if you’re vegetarian, with nuts, beans or texturised vegetable protein (TVP).
Do not skip any meals, and if you experience severe loss of appetite, go for a fruit smoothie, avocado salads and other calorie-dense foods.
The surgery itself is usually performed as a daycare surgery where you’re allowed to leave after a few hours of observation.
You may be asked to stay overnight if the surgery was extensive, and the doctor feels the need for more extended observation.
And when it comes to resuming your routine work, it is a concern that is better discussed with the surgeon as the exact recovery time will depend on the extent of surgical work done by them.
An extensive surgical procedure means more time off work, and additionally, the recovering ability varies from body to body, making it more challenging to predict probable recovery time.
A better option is to work part-time at first, or work from home for one or two weeks and resume full-time only when you feel fully recovered.
As the name suggests, it is a surgery performed on the organs comprising the upper part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. These organs include the oesophagus (gullet), stomach, liver, pancreas, gall bladder and small intestine which are usually treated via laparoscopy. The conditions that are treated through this laparoscopic surgery include:
Gall bladder disease and gallstones
Benign oesophageal and gastric disorders
Benign pancreatic disorders
After undergoing any surgical treatment, religiously following prescribed guidelines and medications is key to a prompt and healthy recovery. Hence, before choosing a laparoscopic surgeon in Pune, make sure that they are highly experienced and are known to guide their patients throughout the recovery procedure. And if you’re currently looking for a surgeon which these qualities, then Deccan Clinic has precisely what you need. Dr Shailesh Naik, one of Deccan Clinic’s finest surgeons, is highly adept in performing laparoscopic surgeries and is recommended by all his patients to be the best laparoscopic surgeon in Pune. Visit the Deccan Clinic website to learn more about his specialised treatments.